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Dakar Rally

The Dakar Rally (or simply "The Dakar"; formerly known as "The ParisDakar" or "Paris to Dakar Rally") is an annual Dakar Series rally raid type of off-road race, organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. Most events since the inception in 1978 were from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, the 2009 Dakar Rally was run in South America (Argentina and Chile). It was the first time the race took place outside of Europe and Africa.[1] It has stayed in South America from 2009 to the present (2012).[2][3] The race is open to amateur and professional entries. Amateurs typically make up about eighty percent of the participants. Despite its name it is an off-road endurance race, called a rally-raid rather than a conventional rally the terrain the competitors traverse is much tougher and the vehicles used are true off-road vehicles rather than the modified on-road vehicles used in rallies. Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, rocks and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800900 kilometres (500560 mi) per day. The race originated in 1978, a year after racer Thierry Sabine got lost in the desert and decided that it would be a good location for a regular rally. Originally, the

ally was from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, interrupted by a transfer across the Mediterranean. However, due to politics and other factors, the course, including origin and destination, has varied over the years. Dakar has been the destination city on all but four occasions during the period the rally was held in Africa (i.e., prior to 2009). The event started from Paris every year from 1979 to 1994, and also in 1998 and 2001. In 1994 the rally both began and ended in Paris but, due to complaints by the mayor, the finish had to be moved from the Champs-Elysees to Disneyland Paris. This also caused the organisation to lay out the rally through different locations in following years. [edit]Complete list of routes 19791980: ParisDakar 19811988: ParisAlgiersDakar 1989: ParisTunisDakar 19901991: ParisTripoliDakar 1992: ParisCape Town 1993: ParisDakar 1994: ParisDakarParis 19951996: GranadaDakar 1997: DakarAgadezDakar 1998: ParisGranadaDakar 1999: GranadaDakar 2000: DakarCairo 2001: ParisDakar 2002: ArrasMadridDakar 2003: MarseilleSharm el-Sheikh 2004: Clermont-FerrandDakar 2005: BarcelonaDakar 20062008: LisbonDakar[4] 2009: Buenos AiresValparaisoBuenos Aires[5] 2010: Buenos AiresAntofagastaBuenos Aires[6] 2011: Buenos AiresAricaBuenos Aires[7] 2012: Mar del PlataCopiapoLima 2013: LimaTucumanSantiago